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 The leaves are usually linear-lanceolate or linear-elliptic in shape, though they can be broader lanceolate, ovate, or nearly elliptic in some species. The largest genus, Podocarpus, contains about 100 species and is commonly called yellowwood. The flora of Malesia, which includes the Malay peninsula, Indonesia, the Philippines, and New Guinea, is generally derived from Asia, but includes many elements of the old Gondwana flora, including several other genera in the Podocarpaceae (Dacrycarpus, Dacrydium, Falcatifolium, Nageia, Phyllocladus, and the Malesian endemic Sundacarpus), and also Agathis in the Araucariaceae. Small fleshy, greenish-yellow to purple, plum-like cones are produced. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The genus occurs from southern Chile north to Mexico in the Americas and from New Zealand north to Japan in the Asia-Pacific region.. , A chemotherapy drug used in treatment of leukemia is made from Podocarpus. About 97 to 107 species are placed in the genus depending on the circumscription of the species. First found in Florida in Miami in 1968, this invasive aphid can now be found anywhere in Florida where the genus Podocarâ¦ These are primarily included because names â¦ Podocarpus is used for furniture, wood turning, and specialty wood objects. Scientific name: Podocarpus gracilior Pronunciation: poe-doe-KAR-pus grass-ILL-ee-or Common name(s): Weeping Podocarpus, Fern Podocarpus Family: Podocarpaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10 through 11 (Fig. Podocarpusis one of the largest of all conifer genera, here treated in 104 species (scroll down to "Distribution and Ecology" for a species menu). Common Name: YEW PLUM PINE Status: Not Native Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens ** Not applicable or data not available. The podocarpus aphid is recognizable by its blueish purple color (Figure 1). Previously known as Podocarpus hallii and Podocarpus cunninghamii, in 2015 it was realised that the much earlier name P. laetus has priority. When mature, the scales swell up and become reddish purple, fleshy, and berry-like, 10â20 mm long; they are then eaten by birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. Podocarpus urbanii has an estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) of 50 km2. Podocarpus is a characteristic tree of the Antarctic flora, which originated in the cool, moist climate of southern Gondwana, and elements of the flora survive in the humid temperate regions of the former supercontinent. The cones are borne on a short stem, and have two to four scales, usually only one (sometimes two) fertile, each fertile scale bearing a single apical seed 10â15 mm. Podocarpus neglecta Blume Common Name: Brown Pine Tree growing in Marimurtra botanical garden, in Blanes (Catalonia). Kusamaki is the state tree of Chiba Prefecture, Japan. The seed is attached to the apex of the receptacle. Some species of genus Afrocarpus were formerly in Podocarpus, such as Afrocarpus gracilior. They have a mucilaginous texture with a slightly sweet flavor. In recent years, the illegal digging of Buddhist pine has become a problem in the city. Male Podocarpus spp. Species are distributed in the temperate forests of Tasmania, New Zealand, and southern Chile, with a few occurring in the tropical highlands of Africa and the Americas. TÅtara (Podocarpus totara) TÅtara grow up to 30 metres tall, with massive trunks. They are slightly toxic, so should be eaten only in small amounts, especially when raw. Podocarpus macrophyllus var. Podocarpus sweetii C.Presl [Illegitimate] Podocarpus verticillatus G.Don. The seed is entirely covered by a fleshy modified scale known as an epimatium. Female cones borne on a naked peduncle (stalk), when mature a soft, red, fleshy bead-like aril, 5-8×3-6 mm, sometimes as large as 15×15 â¦ The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Podocarpus . 2) Dacrydium has about 16 species of Australasian trees and shrubs, including the rimu, or New Zealand red pine. Botanical Name Podocarpus gracilior or Afrocarpus gracilior Common Name African Fern Pine Plant Type Tree Mature Size 60 feet Sun Exposure Direct sun to light shade Soil Type Well-draining Soil pH Acidic Bloom Time Spring ex Endl. The seed cone consists of two to five cone scales of which only the uppermost one or rarely two nearest the apex of the cone are fertile. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Podocarpus macrophyllus . Species of conifer in the family Podocarpaceae, "Podocarpus Macrophyllus - Bonsai Empire", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Podocarpus_macrophyllus&oldid=986399501, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 16:31. Yew pine (Eng.) Common name Mountain totara, Hallâs totara, thin-barked totara, totara-kiri-kotukutuku Synonyms Podocarpus hallii Kirk; Podocarpus cunninghamii Colenso Family Podocarpaceae Authority Podocarpus laetus Hooibr. It is widely distributed in mountain forests of the Southern Hemisphere and occurs as far north as Mexico, southern China, and southern Japan. The two subgenera, Podocarpus and Foliolatus, are distinguished by cone and seed morphology. 16. are evergreen shrubs or trees, usually from 1 to 25 m (3 to 82 ft) tall, known to reach 40 m (130 ft) at times. vs. Podocarpus â¦ Common Name: Kusamaki, Yew plum pine, Buddhist Pine, Chinese Podocarpus, Chinese Yew Pine, Japanese Yew, Souther: Family: Podocarpaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: Superficially similar to Taxus species, but this plant is definitely not poisonous. They may be sessile or short pedunculate. Endlicher, S.L. Podocarpus gracilior (African Fern Pine) is a medium to large, coniferous evergreen tree of erect, open airy habit with pendant branches covered with narrow, fine-textured, soft gray-green leaves of fern-like appearance. Family: Podocarpaceae. Data related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikispecies. Podocarpus chinensis. Sweet: Yew plum pine (Engl.) The ridge forest of the Blue Mountain and John Crow Mountains National Park where it occurs, is considered to represent a single location (especially in Register to â¦ It dominates on some sandy coastal areas such as Otatara. (1985). Podocarpus grayae is very widespread and in many places common, with abundant regeneration. The seven main Asian species constitute the majority of Podocarpus grown today. The primary branches form pseudowhorls around the trunk. In China, it is known as ç¾ æ¼¢æ¾ or luÃ³hÃ n sÅng, which literally means "arhat pine". It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is NOT a pine but a distinct genus, the second largest after pine with 97 species (Farjon, 2010). It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. Podocarpus and Afrocarpus are the only genera in southern Africa. Family Podocarpaceae Scientific Name Podocarpus grayae de Laub. , The leaves are simple and flattened, and may be sessile or short petiolate. The cones develop from axillary buds, and may be solitary or form clusters. Podocarpus. , Media related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikimedia Commons Common name: plum pine, brown pine Podocarpus elatus R.Br. Several species of Podocarpus are grown as garden trees, or trained into hedges, espaliers, or screens. Although these plants can reach heights of as much as 30 to 40 feet, they are easily kept in check with regular trimming. P. macrophyllus occurs in forests, open thickets, and roadsides from near sea level to 1000 m above it.. Additionally, the leaves, stems, bark, and pollen are cytotoxic. African Fern Pine is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Because of its resistance to termites and water, inumaki is used for quality wooden houses in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.  The leaves are coriaceous and have a distinct midrib. Common names in English include yew plum pine, Buddhist pine, and fern pine. are extremely allergenic, and have an OPALS allergy-scale rating of 10 out of 10. Common names in English include yew plum pine, Buddhist pine and fern pine. Scientific Name and Common Name Kingdom Plantae â Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta â Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta â Seed plants Division Coniferophyta â â¦ Common Name: Podocarp. The Plant List The Plant List includes a further 100 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Podocarpus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Yellow-wood. Kusamaki (ã¯ãµãã) and inumaki (ç¬æ§) are Japanese names for this tree. Kusamaki (ã¯ãµãã) and inumaki (ç¬æ§) are Japanese names for this tree. Scientific name: Podocarpus macrophyllus Pronunciation: poe-doe-KAR-pus mack-roe-FILL-us Common name(s): Podocarpus, Yew-Pine, Japanese Yew Family: Podocarpaceae USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Name derivation: Podocarpus â podo (foot) karpus (fruit) referring to the fleshy receptacle on which the seed rest. What is the common name for Podocarpus? See more ideas about podocarpus hedge, hedges, plants. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) Podocarpus (/ËpoÊdÉËkÉËrpÉs/) is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family, the Podocarpaceae. Taxus makoya Forbes : Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Podocarpus . The cones have two to five fused cone scales which form a fleshy, berry-like, brightly coloured receptacle at maturity. The fleshy cones attract birds, which then eat the cones and disperse the seeds in their droppings. The genus has previously been visited in some depth by Buchholz and Gray (1948a, 1948b, 1948c; Gray 1956, Gray 1958) and by de Laubenfels (1969, 1985), and these authoâ¦ It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, reaching 20 m tall. Also known as a Japanese yew or Buddhist pine, Podocarpus is a fast-growing evergreen that provides beautiful color and shade year-round. , Some species of Podocarpus are used in systems of traditional medicine for conditions such as fevers, coughs, arthritis, sexually transmitted diseases, and canine distemper. 50: 340. The species are tropical and subtropical, concentrated in eastern and southeastern Asia and Malesia, overlapping with subgenus Podocarpus in northeastern Australia and New Caledonia. Each fertile scale usually has one apical ovule. Able to reach 90 feet in height, Nagi Podocarpus is usually seen at 30 to 40 feet in height due to the moderately-slow growth rate. Some members of the genera Nageia, Prumnopitys, and Afrocarpus are marketed under the genus name Podocarpus. An unquantified decline in the past (mostly more than three generations ago) has now virtually ceased, due to protection of remaining forests and altered forest management. The Plant List includes 283 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Podocarpus.Of these 108 are accepted species names. Brown pine; Malaya: jati bukit (Pahang); Sumatra: ambai ayam (Indragiri); hatang (Tapanuli); kayu tadji (Palembang); minangkas (Bencoolen); naru dotan (Simalur I. Ecology Ripe fruits are eaten by bats, bushpigs, fruit-eating birds (Cape parrots, purple-crested, Knysna and Ross's louries, Rameron, African green and Delagorgue's pigeons). Podocarpus macrophyllus has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -3 (Low Risk). The ripe cone arils are edible, though the seed should not be eaten. The podocarpus aphid, Neophyllaphis podocarpi Takahashi, is a pest of Podocarpus species in Florida, namely the nonnative ornamental shrub Podocarpus macrophyllus (common names include bigleaf podocarpus, kusamaki, podo, Japanese yew, and southern yew) (Stamps no date). Podocarpus is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family, Podocarpaceae. , Podocarpus is related to yews, and as with yews, the stems, leaves, flowers, and pollen of Podocarpus are all poisonous. Prized for low maintenance requirements, resistance to pests and a wide tolerance of growing conditions, the fern pine (Podocarpus gracilior) is a versatile species that can be allowed to grow as a tree or trimmed to be a hedge, an espalier, or a shrub. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) African Fern Pine is dioecious with separate male and female plants. A taxonomic revision of the genus, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 01:54. About 100 species of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs; bark exfoliates in strips. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Common names of the plant include Big-leaf podocarp, Buddhist pine, Japanese yew, Shrubby yew, Shrubby podocarpus, Yew plum pine, Broad-leaved podocarp, Southern yew, Long-leaved podocarp, big leaf podocarp, yew plum  The trees can reach a height of 40 meters at their tallest. Common Name(s): Chinese Podocarpus Shrubby Podocarpus Phonetic Spelling pod-oh-KAR-pus mak-roh-FIL-us var maw-KEE This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Podocarpus spp. Male cones of P. macrophyllus grow in clusters. The infertile basal scales fuse and swell to form a succulent, usually brightly colored receptacle. Another species is First found in Florida in Miami in 1968, this invasive aphid can now be found anywhere in Florida where the genus Podocarâ¦ Podocarpus Wood Slabs A relative of Japanese Yew, Podocarpus can grow as either a shrub or a medium-sized evergreen tree reaching up to 60 feet tall. , Common names for various species include "yellowwood" and "pine", as in the plum pine (Podocarpus elatus) or the Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus). TYPE: Decussocarpus nagi (Thunberg) de Laubenfels (Myrica nagi Thunberg) Substitute name for Nageia Gaertner 1788, nom. In China, it is known as ç¾ æ¼¢æ¾ or luóhàn sÅng, which literally means "arhat pine". Common Names Japanese Yew, Yew Podocarpus Common Use Hedge, tree, topiary Scientific Name Podocarpus macrophyllus Cold Hardiness Very cold hardy Light Needs Full sun to partial shade tolerated Flower No flower Water It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. They were used by the MÄori for canoes and carving. In cultivation in warm winter areas of the U. S., it usually grows much shorter (to 20-40â). Also, inaccurately referred to as Buddhist Pine and Fern Pine. rej. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Podocarpus alpinus - a dwarf form with smaller and less coarse foliage than P. macrophyllus. , The pollen cones are long and catkin-like in shape. Dense growth of fine-textured foliage makes it an attractive lawn tree or large screening shrub. Syn: Podocarpus Labillardière 1806 (Stevenson 1991). Family Podocarpaceae Scientific Name Podocarpus elatus R.Br. Podocarpaceae, family of 17 or more genera and 125â165 species of conifers (division Pinophyta, order Pinales), ornamental and timber evergreen trees and shrubs distributed mainly in the Southern Hemisphere. , This species can be trained as a bonsai. Podocarpus is used for furniture, wood turning, and specialty wood objects. The phyllotaxis or leaf arrangement is spiral, and may be subopposite on some shoots. Asked by Wiki User Be the first to answer! ex Endl. The Afrocarpus cone lacks the fleshy, often brightly colored, structure (called a receptacle) of Podocarpus cones.  The leaves are strap-shaped, 6â12 cm long, and about 1 cm broad, with a central midrib. Common names for various species include "yellowwood" as well as "pine", as in the plum pine (Podocarpus elatus) or the Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus). The Podocarpus genus is a collection of several species of non-native evergreen trees. Bonsai care The Chinese yew (or Buddhist pine, Fern pine, botanically Podocarpus macrophyllus) resembles, as the name suggests, the common yew (Taxus baccata). It prefers sun or partial shade. Podocarpus and the Podocarpaceae were endemic to the ancient supercontinent of Gondwana, which broke up into Africa, South America, India, Australia-New Guinea, New Zealand, and New Caledonia between 105 and 45 million years ago. are generally dioecious, with the male pollen cones and female seed cones borne on separate individual plants, but some species may be monoecious. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The male Podocarpus blooms and releases this cytotoxic pollen in the spring and early summer. Podocarpus laetus is a species of conifer in the family Podocarpaceae, commonly known as Hall's tÅtara, mountain tÅtara or thin-barked tÅtara. Podocarpus henkelii - Long-leafed Yellowwood Long-leafed Yellowwood is a slow growing evergreen tree to 25-35 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide. The pollen is bisaccate. The bark can be scaly or fibrous and peeling with vertical strips. Podocarpus henkelii - Long-leafed Yellowwood Long-leafed Yellowwood is a slow growing evergreen tree to 25-35 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide. A seed cone of P. totara showing a red receptacle and a green epimatium, The natural distribution of the genus consists of much of Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, and several South Pacific islands. The crown forms a somewhat pyramidal to oval outline. RSA Tree No. One of those species is Podocarpus gracilior, which has a common name of "fern pine" or "weeping podocarpus."
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