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Within a few days, John C. Niedermair of the Bureau of Ships sketched out an awkward looking ship that proved to be the basic design for the more than 1,000 LST (2) that were built during World War II. At that time, it was the largest ship among the many that made up the newly created Amphibious Forces. Similar work was done worldwide until 1952 when the ships were handed over to the Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, and subsequently in 1961 to the British-India Steam Navigation Company, tasked by the War Office directly, RASC having no further concern with their administration. When offloading, the rafts were secured to the fore end of the ship, and the load discharged directly onto the shore, or towed on the raft to the shore. The sailors, on ships that carried valuable cargo, spearheaded the lightning assaults by the Amphibious Forces on shores fiercely held by the Japanese, Germans, and Italians. These craft, which were 58 ft (18 m) long and weighed about 28 tons, were carried transversely on the upper deck of the ship. In the period 6 June to 26 June Allied fighters controlled by the FDTs resulted in the destruction of 52 enemy aircraft by day, and 24 enemy aircraft by night.. Throughout the war, LSTs demonstrated a remarkable capacity to absorb punishment and survive. The Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co. built the most LSTs of any shipyard, with 171 constructed at Evansville, Indiana. Some LST (3)s were converted to LST (A) (A for "assault") by adding stiffening so they could safely carry the heaviest British tanks. The need for LSTs was urgent, and the program enjoyed a high priority throughout the war. During World War II, Korea and Vietnam the Landing Ships carried out amphibious operations, sometimes under the most severe conditions. By 1943, the construction time for an LST had been reduced to four months. The 30-ton derrick was taller and generally more substantial than the 15 ton one. L.S.T. Provisions were made for the satisfactory ventilation of the tank space while the tank motors were running, and an elevator was provided to lower vehicles from the main deck to the tank deck for disembarking. ), Director of Southwest Pacific (June 30, 1943 – July 1, 1945), and “founder” of the amphibious navy, “MacArthur’s Amphibious Navy Seventh Amphibious Force Operations 1943-1945” (p. 11; United States Naval Institute, Annapolis, MD), Men at work at Evansville Shipyard in the 1940s. The specifications called for vessels capable of crossing the Atlantic, and the original title given to them was "Atlantic Tank Landing Craft" (Atlantic (T.L.C.)).  An anchor and mechanical winch system also aided in the ship's ability to pull itself off the beach. In November 1941, a small delegation from the Admiralty arrived in the United States to pool ideas with the United States Navy's Bureau of Ships with regard to development of ships and the possibility of building further Boxers in the US. The LST (2) design incorporated elements of the first British LCTs from their designer, Sir Rowland Baker, who was part of the British delegation. Of 1,051 actually constructed, 113 LSTs were transferred to Britain under the terms of Lend-Lease, and four more were turned over to the Greek Navy. This includes BRP Laguna (LT-501) (ex-USS LST-230), BRP Zamboanga del Sur (LT-86) ex-USS Marion County (LST-975), BRP Kalinga Apayao (LT-516) (ex-USS Garrett County (LST-786) and BRP Benguet (LT-507) (ex-USS Daviess County (LST-692). Armament was typically a Bren light machine gun aft; with two Lewis Guns in a port forward position. First the accommodation on board had to be improved, and alterations in the engine and boiler rooms had also to be made. Thirty-eight LSTs were converted to serve as small hospital ships and designated LSTH. Right from the beginning, the LST's slow speed and high freeboard area invited the nickname, "Large Slow Target." At the same time, other improvements were made—as well as simplifications required so most of the structure could be assembled with rivets. The Tank Landing Ship (LST) mission is to load and transport cargo, vehicles of all types, and troops to a combat area. U.S. Navy Landing Ship Tank Personnel Rosters. This enabled amphibious assaults on almost any beach. Players can also respawn at the Landing Ship provided it has Soldier Supplies and Construction Vehicles can be built within its vicinity. I hope this was correct. In 1954, the British Transport Commission (BTC) took over the ASN under the Labour Government's nationalization policy. Landing Ship, Tank (LST), or tank landing ship, is the naval designation for ships first developed during World War II (1939–1945) to support amphibious operations by carrying tanks, vehicles, cargo, and landing troops directly onto shore with no docks or piers. The LST-491 class replaced the elevator installed in the original LST-1 class, to transfer equipment between the tank deck and the main deck, with a ramp that was hinged at the main deck. The original three LSTs were joined in 1948 by another vessel, LST 3041, renamed Empire Doric, after the ASN were able to convince commercial operators to support the new route between Preston and the Northern Ireland port of Larne. Landing ship, tank (LST), naval ship specially designed to transport and deploy troops, vehicles, and supplies onto foreign shores for the conduct of offensive military operations. The ship is kept in navigable shape and makes cruises every year for 2 – 4 weeks. Four extra distilling units were added, and the ballast tanks were converted for the storage of fresh water. The twin propellers and rudders had protection from grounding. It supported amphibious operations (ship to shore) by carrying tanks, mechanized vehicles, supplies, cargo, smaller landing craft, and most notably—landing troops directly onto enemy shores. LST−3535 and later were cancelled. Calling a vessel 300 ft (91 m) long a "craft" was considered a misnomer and the type was re-christened "Landing Ship, Tank (2)", or "LST (2)". ; 50’0”. Renamed HMS Lofoten she proved extremely useful in service, and many lessons were learned that would be incorporated into Engadine. Ships - Landing Ship Tank. Its membership is composed of Navy and Coast Guard veterans who served in the Amphibious Forces aboard LSTs in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Cold War, and into the twenty-first century. The Landing Ship, Tank was a war-winning weapon. 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