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The flower heads are yellow to orange coloured, and are open in the daytime, but closed at night. Plants do not go to seed as quickly as French types. Traditionally, dandelion roots and leaves were used to support the liver. [medical citation needed], Dandelion has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North America, and China.. The inner bracts are erect until the seeds mature, then flex downward to allow the seeds to disperse.  Raw dandelion greens are 86% water, 9% carbohydrates, 3% protein, and 1% fat. The flower heads mature into spherical seed heads sometimes called blowballs or clocks (in both British and American English) containing many single-seeded fruits called achenes. with names as unfamiliar as they are [...] picturesque ... wild herbs that are so popular in local cuisine such as the Good King Henry herb, picked near the shepherds' huts in the Alps and eaten fried or in salads, or the Dandelion which grows in abundance in the meadows and which, picked after the snow has melted, is eaten as a salad or seasoned with fried lard and vinegar. The dried petals and stamens drop off, the bracts reflex (curve backwards), and the parachute ball opens into a full sphere. Print . , Taraxacum is derived from the Arabic word tarakhshagog (or tarakhshaqūn) for a bitter herb. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. , Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, Dandelion flower (left) and ripe fruits (right), 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen. , The raw flowers contain diverse phytochemicals, including polyphenols, such as flavonoids apigenin, isoquercitrin (a quercetin-like compound), and caffeic acid, as well as terpenoids, triterpenes, and sesquiterpenes.  The citizens celebrate spring with an annual Dandelion Festival. It is also known to attract pollinating insects and release ethylene gas, which helps fruit to ripen.. A number of species of Taraxacum are seed-dispersed ruderals that rapidly colonize disturbed soil, especially the common dandelion (T. officinale), which has been introduced over much of the temperate world. Enjoying warm locations, dandelions (Taraxacum officinale) grow roots as deep as 15 feet into the soil, if they remain undisturbed. Dandelion seeds are dropped after using an Anemo (Wind) attack on a Dandelion … Like other members of the family Asteraceae, they have very small flowers collected together into a composite flower head. Dandelions contain bioactive compounds that may help lower a person’s … You can eat them fresh, use them to make a tea, or dry them for future use. During a phone interview with Mission Local on Thursday, Masonis, Dandelion’s CEO, said repeatedly: “We can do better.” Masonis said he reviewed Dandelion’s investigation of last March’s racist text message incident. This refereed to the way the leaves are pointed and look a bit like a lion’s tooth. The other common names for the herb dandelion are Priest's crown, Swine's Snout, Blowball, Cankerwort, Lion's Tooth, Puffball, White Endive and Wild Endive Piss-a-bed. Dandelion is a rich source of vitamins A, B complex, and C, as well as minerals such as iron, potassium, and zinc.  Maximal activity of the proteinase in the roots is attained in April, at the beginning of plant development after the winter period. swine's snout, white endive, and wild endive. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recognize three subspecies of Taraxacum officinale including:, Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. Reply. Dandelion greens contain lutein..  Dandelions are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). It is a general stimulant, but especially tonic to the urinary system. We get the English common name of dandelion from the French “dent de lion,” meaning “teeth of a lion,” which refers to the jagged edges of the leaves. However, dandelion flowers are borne singly on unbranched, hairless and leafless, hollow stems, while cat's ear flowering stems are branched, solid, and carry bracts. Alternative Title: Taraxacum officinale.  Dandelion was also traditionally used to make the traditional British soft drink dandelion and burdock, and is one of the ingredients of root beer. The leaves may be nearly smooth-edged, toothed, or deeply cut; the toothed appearance gave rise to the plant's name (dent-de-lion means "lion's tooth" in French). The florets number 40 to over 100 per head, having corollas that are yellow or orange-yellow in color. Grigson says that “You can tell the time, and foretell the future, by blowing on the seed head” and it has many uses but “there is one thing for which dandelions are useless: pick them and arrange them in a bowl, and they soon close up.
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