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Major railroad stations include: Seoul is served by two international airports, Incheon International Airport and Gimpo International Airport. The 2nd World trade trade center is being planned at Seoul Olympic stadium complex as MICE HUB by Seoul city. The metro area population of Seoul in 2018 was 9,963,000, a 0.22% increase from 2017.  Myeongdong is a shopping and entertainment area in downtown Seoul with mid- to high-end stores, fashion boutiques and international brand outlets. One of the most famous parks is Namsan Park, which offers recreational hiking and views of the downtown Seoul skyline. And Yakhyeon Catholic Church in Jungnim-dong, Jung District is first Catholic parish in Korea. However, for example, the city's financial capital is widely considered to be in Yeouido, while its economic capital is Gangnam District. All the signs are easy to read especially if you have the Kakao apps. Seoul Olympic Park, located in Songpa District and built to host the 1988 Summer Olympics is Seoul's largest park. Both banks of the Han River have cycling paths that run all the way across the city along the river. It is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. Gyeongbokgung, the main royal palace during Joseon Dynasty. Like any public transport system, it can get extremely busy but what do you expect. Seoul is a major center for sports in South Korea. Do note, however, that it can be very crowded at peak times. In addition, Seoul hosts many embassies of countries it has diplomatic ties with. The St. Nicholas Cathedral, but sometimes called bald church, is the only Byzantine-style church in Seoul.  Seoul has a population of 9.7 million people, and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area with the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province.  As a result, the annual average PM10 concentrations decreased from 70.0 μg/m3 in 2001 to 44.4 μg/m3 in 2011 and 46 μg/m3 in 2014. A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan area, labour market area, or similar in a metropolitan area.  As of 2014, the annual average PM10 concentration was still at least twice than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines. Seoul hosts large concentration of headquarters of International companies and banks, including 15 companies on fortune 500 list such as Samsung, LG and Hyundai. Seoul proper comprises 605.25 km2 (233.69 sq mi), with a radius of approximately 15 km (9 mi), roughly bisected into northern and southern halves by the Han River.  The gu vary greatly in area (from 10 to 47 km2 or 3.9 to 18.1 sq mi) and population (from fewer than 140,000 to 630,000). For other uses, see, Special city in Seoul Capital, South Korea, Before 1972, Seoul was the "de jure" capital of the, South Korea's economy started to grow rapidly, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, List of diplomatic missions in South Korea, List of twin towns and sister cities in South Korea, "Worldwide Cost of Living 2017 – The Economist Intelligence Unit", Union of International Associations (UIA) International Meetings Statistics for the Year 2011, "MasterCard-Global Destination Cities index", "Chinese Naming Crisis Danger Opportunity Summer 2006 – Good Characters", "Early History of Electrical Engineering in Korea: Edison and First Electric Lighting in the Kingdom of Corea", "Seoul, South Korea Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "Statistical and dynamical characteristics of the urban heat island intensity in Seoul", "Seoul, South Korea - Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast", "South Korea near bottom of world survey of air quality", "South Korea | Environmental Performance Index – Development", "Korea Wrestles with Growing Health Threat from Fined Dust", "Korea's Air Is Dirty, But It's Not All Close-Neighbor China's Fault", "[Feature] South Korea's odor pollution problem". , Times Square is one of Seoul's largest shopping malls featuring the CGV Starium, the world's largest permanent 35 mm cinema screen.. In 2016, 57,765,397 passengers used the airport. August, the hottest month, has average high and low temperatures of 32.6 and 23.4 °C (91 and 74 °F) with higher temperatures possible. Close COVID-19 information.  Some shops for local designers have opened in Samcheong-dong, where numerous small art galleries are located. The city was later designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. and most important: NO ADS at ALL !! The Mugunghwa and Saemaeul trains also stop at all major stations. People are generally. It also served as one of the host cities of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The Han River and its surrounding area played an important role in Korean history. In this way the Roman Catholic Church has a very strong influence in Korean society. Although there is a test for non-high school graduates, called school qualification exam, most Koreans take the test. With approximately 830,000 members (2007), it is the largest Pentecostal Christian congregation in the world, which has been recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records. Among the other largest parks in the city are Seoul Forest, Dream Forest, Children's Grand Park and Haneul Park. Population: ~ 10,000,000. The National Folk Museum is located on the grounds of the Gyeongbokgung Palace in the district of Jongno District and uses replicas of historical objects to illustrate the folk history of the Korean people. The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system in Seoul, South Korea. , The War Memorial, one of nine municipal museums in Seoul, offers visitors an educational and emotional experience of various wars in which Korea was involved, including Korean War themes. Incheon International Airport opened in March 2001 in Yeongjong island.  The suburbs of Seoul are generally cooler than the center of Seoul because of the urban heat island effect. Pungnaptoseong, an earthen wall located southeast Seoul, is widely believed to have been at the main Wiryeseong site. well-mannered and the queuing systems to get on board the train work well. MORE NEWS.  Summers are generally hot and humid, with the East Asian monsoon taking place from June until September. Seoul's bus system is operated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government (S.M.G.  The Seodaemun Prison is a former prison built during the Japanese occupation, and is used as a historic museum.. Three new modern landmarks of Seoul are Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park, designed by Zaha Hadid, the new wave-shaped Seoul City Hall, by Yoo Kerl of iArc, and the Lotte World Tower, the 5th tallest building in the world designed by Kohn Pederson Fox. 5G will be introduced commercially in March 2019 in Seoul. It is located in Ahyeon-dong, Mapo District, and is cathedral of the Orthodox Metropolis of Korea. Our service will end an hour earlier at night as follows: Service reduction starts from April 1, 2020. , Besides air quality, greenhouse gas emissions represent hot issues in South Korea since the country is among top-10 strongest emitters in the world. This was a 0.24% decrease from the end of 2010. Downstream from Gangnam District is Yeouido, an island that is home to the National Assembly, major broadcasting studios, and a number of large office buildings, as well as the Korea Finance Building and the Yoido Full Gospel Church. Seoul has been surrounded by walls that were built to regulate visitors from other regions and protect the city in case of an invasion. more. While Itaewon had catered mainly to foreign tourists and American soldiers based in the city, Koreans now comprise the majority of visitors to the area. In addition, in order to cope with the various modes of transport, Seoul's metropolitan government employs several mathematicians to coordinate the subway, bus, and traffic schedules into one timetable. Twitter. It is now responsible for major international flights. Seoul is divided into 25 gu (Korean: 구; Hanja: 區) (district).  Located near the gates are the traditional markets and largest shopping center, Namdaemun Market and Dongdaemun Market. The estimated population within the city limits for 2016 is 10.29 million. Seoul Metropolitan Area subway system covers an expansive area, including Line 1 to 9 with additional lines, such as Sinbundang Line, Gyeongchun Line, Gyeongui-Jungang Line, Ever Line, Uisinseol Line, and more, branching throughout the metropolitan area. The next largest group was Chinese citizens who are not of Korean ethnicity; 29,901 of them resided in Seoul. "Korea's policy towards pollution and fine particle: a sense of urgency", "NASA jet gets a sniff of pollution over South Korea", "Regional population density: Asia and Oceania, 2012: Inhabitants per square kilometre, TL3 regions", "Seoul's Population Drops Below 10 Million for First Time in 25 Years", "1.76 million foreigners live in South Korea; 3.4% of population", "Korean Chinese account for nearly 70% of foreigners in Seoul", "South Korean mega-churches. Seoul is home to 115 museums, including four national and nine official municipal museums. Location: City: Seoul, Republic of Korea (South Korea) Name: Metropolitan Area: IATA: SEL: Details: Type: Metropolitan Area: Latitude: … For journeys outside Seoul, W100 for each additional 5 kilometers and W100 for each additional 10 kilometers if the total trip exceeds 35 kilometers; The Seoul Subway (Metro) System is efficient, clean, safe and very easy to use. It was only from this period that Seoul became a larger settlement. Tancheon stream and the nearby area serve as a large park with paths for both walkers and cyclists. Also in Gangnam District is the COEX Mall, a large indoor shopping and entertainment complex. Seoul has a comprehensive urban railway network of 21 rapid transit, light metro and commuter lines that interconnects every district of the city and the surrounding areas of Incheon, Gyeonggi province, western Gangwon province, and northern Chungnam province. These areas are frequently sought after by people looking to escape from urban life on weekends and during vacations. About Seoul: The Facts: Region: Seoul National Capital Area. The Global Financial Centres Index in 2015 listed Seoul as the 6th financially most competitive city in the world. NEWS. Only for the Seoul Metropolitan Area (KRW 55,000) Use up to 60 times within 30 days after purchase; Prepaid tickets are valid only for Seoul Metro Lines 1 ~ 9 and for rail sections operated by KORAIL and AREX within the Seoul area. Most major South Korean cities are linked via the KTX high-speed train, which has a normal operation speed of more than 300 km/h (186 mph). The Olympic Stadium, Olympic Park, and Lotte World are located in Songpa District, on the south side of the Han River, upstream from Gangnam District. The main palace, Gyeongbokgung, underwent a large-scale restoration project. Considered to be a global city, Seoul was the world's 4th largest metropolitan economy in 2014 after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles. Some regional lines in the network stretch out beyond the Seoul Metropolitan Area to rural areas in … The city has grown beyond those walls and although the wall no longer stands (except along Bugaksan Mountain (Korean: 북악산; Hanja: 北岳山), north of the downtown area), the gates remain near the downtown district of Seoul, including most notably Sungnyemun (commonly known as Namdaemun) and Heunginjimun (commonly known as Dongdaemun). , As of 2016, the number of foreigners living in Seoul was 404,037, 22.9% of the total foreign population in South Korea. The former is operated by Seoul City Council and sits adjacent to Gyeonghuigung Palace, a Joseon dynasty royal palace. Intercity bus services are available to various destinations around the country. With 2,5 billion passenges per year is the world’s busiest subway. North of downtown is Bukhan Mountain, and to the south is the smaller Namsan. Seoul is in the northwest of South Korea. The Economist Intelligence Unitranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overa… Line 1 connects larger parts of the Seoul National Capital Area. Being in the extreme east Asia, the climate can be described as humid continental with great variation of the precipitation throughout the year and warm to hot summer (Dwa, by 0 °C isoterm). Winters are usually cold to freezing with average January high and low temperatures of 1.5 and −5.9 °C (34.7 and 21.4 °F) and are generally much drier than summers, with an average of 24.9 days of snow annually.  From the 1970s, the size of Seoul administrative area greatly expanded as it annexed a number of towns and villages from several surrounding counties. Its metropolitan area was the most densely populated among OECD countries in Asia in 2012, and second worldwide after that of Paris. The next highest group consisted of the 9,999 United States citizens who were not of Korean ancestry. The Gyeongbok Palace, built in the 14th century, served as the royal residence until 1592. Its 1st Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan (2005–2014) focused on improving the concentrations of PM10 and nitrogen dioxide by reducing emissions. Reduced Service Hours: Metro Service Ends at 12:00 a.m. Now. We will reduce operation hours of Seoul metro line one to eight in order to prevent the community transmission of the Covid-19 infection. Cheonggyecheon, a stream that runs nearly 6 km (4 mi) through downtown Seoul, is popular among both Seoul residents and tourists. Fines for Not Wearing Face Masks Effective Nov. 13, 2020.  In 2017, the cost of living in Seoul was ranked 6th globally..  Students spend six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school.  In October 2005, the museum moved to a new building in Yongsan Family Park. With 975.4 km (606.1 mi) of tracks, Seoul Metropolitan Subway is the world’s largest subway system. The traditional heart of Seoul is the old Joseon dynasty city, now the downtown area, where most palaces, government offices, corporate headquarters, hotels, and traditional markets are located. Seoul's most well-known football club is FC Seoul. New social-distancing measures will come into effect for the greater Seoul area on Thursday, as officials warn of an even bigger crisis if anti-Covid-19 efforts fail to dampen a … Although Buddhism was suppressed by the Joseon state, it has continued its existence. Seoul has many large intercity/express bus terminals. Insadong is the cultural art market of Seoul, where traditional and modern Korean artworks, such as paintings, sculptures and calligraphy are sold. Originally, the city was entirely surrounded by a massive circular stone wall to provide its citizens security from wild animals, thieves and attacks. The city was liberated by U.S. forces at the end of World War II. , In 1945, the city was officially named Seoul, and was designated as a special city in 1949. In addition, East Seoul Bus Terminal in Gwangjin District and Sangbong Terminal in Jungnang District handles traffics mainly from Gangwon and Chungcheong provinces. Seoul Subway Map; Sinchon Area; Studios; Home › Seoul Subway Map. On January 18, 2005, the Seoul government changed its official name in Chinese characters from the historic Hancheng (simplified Chinese: 汉城; traditional Chinese: 漢城; pinyin: Hànchéng) to Shou'er (simplified Chinese: 首尔; traditional Chinese: 首爾; pinyin: Shǒu'ěr).  In 1904, an American by the name of Angus Hamilton visited the city and said, "The streets of Seoul are magnificent, spacious, clean, admirably made and well-drained. Seoul has been described as the world's "most wired city", ranked first in technology readiness by PwC's Cities of Opportunity report. Works offline, No internet connection required !! There are nine major subway lines stretching for more than 250 km (155 mi), with one additional line planned. Gimpo International Airport opened in 1939 as an airfield for the Japanese Imperial Army and opened for civil aircraft in 1957. Best of all, this excursion does not include unnecessary shopping stops that other tours add on, which saves you valuable vacation time. It is also the 4th highest building in the world. Strategically located along the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BC by the people of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Although it accounts for only 0.6 percent of the nation's land area, 48.3 percent of South Korea's bank deposits were held in Seoul in 2003, and the city generated 23 percent of the country's GDP overall in 2012. Seoul Metropolitan Area to Level 2 Effective Nov.24. , Much of the development was due to trade with foreign countries like France and the United States.  In 2008 the Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index ranked Seoul No.9. It's neat and easy to use. One way to mitigate these problems was to promote mass transit. Observation Decks & Towers, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Lookouts, Neighbourhoods, Points of Interest & Landmarks, I used to ride the subway every day since I moved house, It was clean, fast and the timeline was so clear. , Until 1972, Seoul was claimed by North Korea as its de jure capital, being specified as such in Article 103 of the 1948 North Korean constitution. Welfare, Health & Security News 11/25/2020 . After World War II and Korea's liberation, the city took its present name, which originated from the Korean word meaning "capital city", which is believed to have descended from an ancient word, Seorabeol (Korean: 서라벌; Hanja: 徐羅伐), which originally referred to Gyeongju, the capital of Silla. , Following the war, Seoul began to focus on reconstruction and modernization. Now ex-kepco 25-storey building is under demolition. Metropolitan population: 25,000,000. The Tteok & Kitchen Utensil Museum and Kimchi Field Museum provide information regarding Korean culinary history.  The Global Financial Centres Index in 2015 listed Seoul as the 6th financially most competitive city in the world. For God and country", "Geographical Features of Social Polarization in Seoul, South Korea", "Hot Spots 2025: Benchmarking the Future Competitiveness of Cities", "The primacy of Seoul and the capital region", "It's official: Jinro soju is the world's best-selling liquor", "Neon shines brightly during the bustle on Yeouido stock street", "Yongsan Electronics Market, Asia's largest IT shopping mall", "50 reasons why Seoul is world's greatest city", "KOREA: Future is now for Korean info-tech", "Tech capitals of the world – Technology", akamai's [state of the internet] Q4 2016 report, "Hi Seoul, SOUL OF ASIA – Seoul Located In the Center of Asian Metropolises", "Seoul's Cheonggyecheon Stream symbolizes Korea's past, present and tomorrow", "Sungnyemun to open to great fanfare after more than five years of renovation", "Expanded Operation of Seoul Bike "Ddareungi, South Korea cities with a 200,000+ population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seoul&oldid=991214784, Special Cities and Metropolitan Cities of South Korea, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Korean-language sources (ko), Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Korea Meteorological Administration, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 22:18. , Seoul is first recorded as Wiryeseong, the capital of Baekje (founded in 18 BC) in the northeastern area of modern Seoul. Seoul, Nov 17 (IANS) South Korea on Tuesday decided to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the Covid-19 resurgence in and around the capital city.  During the Joseon dynasty, the gates were opened and closed each day, accompanied by the ringing of large bells at the Bosingak belfry.  Seoul's most important streetcar line ran along Jongno until it was replaced by Line 1 of the subway system in the early 1970s. Since its establishment in 1945, the museum has built a collection of 220,000 artifacts. Taekwondo is South Korea's national sport and Seoul is the location of the Kukkiwon, the world headquarters of taekwondo, as well as the World Taekwondo Federation. Despite the city's population density, Seoul has a large quantity of parks.  The National Palace Museum of Korea is also located on the grounds of the Gyeongbokgung Palace. Seoul became the first city in East Asia to introduce electricity in the royal palace, built by the Edison Illuminating Company and a decade later Seoul also implemented electrical street lights. How much have you spended for a week ? Seoul Metropolitan Subway has 18 lines in operation. Seoul World Cup Stadium hosted the opening ceremony and first game of the tournament. Since the Joseon dynasty adopted Confucianism as its national ideology in the 14th century, the state built many Confucian shrines.  Dong are also sub-divided into 13,787 tong (통; 統), which are further divided into 102,796 ban in total. Namdaemun was the oldest wooden gate until a 2008 arson attack, and was re-opened after complete restoration in 2013.  The Seoul international finance center & SIFC MALL, Hanhwa 63 building, the Hanhwa insurance company head office. However, the overall review is, Seoul Metro is so efficient, it gets me from A to B and is very cheap. Gangnam / Nonhyeon / Yeoksam Accommodation, Seoul Education Research & Information Institute, LINE Friends Flagship Store Myeongdong Station, Surfing, Windsurfing & Kitesurfing in Seoul, Bukhansan National Park: Tickets & Tours, Myeongdong Shopping Street: Tickets & Tours, The War Memorial of Korea: Tickets & Tours, National Museum of Korea: Tickets & Tours, Lotte World Tower & Mall: Tickets & Tours, KTX (Korea Train Express): Tickets & Tours, Myeongdong NANTA Theater: Tickets & Tours. The next highest group were Taiwanese citizens, at 8,717. The Independence Gate was built in 1897 to inspire an independent spirit.  Internet speeds in some apartment buildings reach up to 52.5Gbit/s with assistance from Nokia, and though the average standard consists of 100 Mbit/s services, providers nationwide are rapidly rolling out 1Gbit/s connections at the equivalent of US$20 per month.  The Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overall 2025 City Competitiveness" regarding future competitiveness of cities.. Adults, youths (13-19) and children (6-12). Jogyesa is the headquarters of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism. SEOUL, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) -- South Korea will raise its social-distancing rules to the third-highest level for two weeks from Tuesday through Dec. 7 in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the soaring COVID-19 cases in the capital area. Im planning to go but im not sure how much money to get. Seoul has many historical and cultural landmarks. The largest wholesale and retail market in South Korea, the Dongdaemun Market, is located in Seoul. Cycling is becoming increasingly popular in Seoul and in the entire country. The city is also home to the major South Korean newspapers Chosun Ilbo, Donga Ilbo, Joongang Ilbo, and Hankook Ilbo. Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education comprises 235 College-Preparatory High Schools, 80 Vocational Schools, 377 Middle Schools, and 33 Special Education Schools as of 2009[update]. The section from Bupyeong-gu Office Station to Kkachiul Station on Subway Line 7 is outside of Seoul city limits. It runs through the central regions of Seoul city, Incheon station in the south-west, Soyosan Station … It opened to the public in April 2017.  The Gangnam district is one of the most affluent areas in Seoul and is noted for the fashionable and upscale Apgujeong-dong and Cheongdam-dong areas and the COEX Mall. Mongchon Toseong (Korean: 몽촌토성; Hanja: 蒙村土城) is another earthen wall built during the Baekje period that is now located inside the Olympic Park. Yoido Full Gospel Church is a Pentecostal church affiliated with the Assemblies of God on Yeouido in Seoul. Seoul was the host city of the 1986 Asian Games and 1988 Summer Olympics as well as one of the venues of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. , Seoul is the business and financial hub of South Korea.  The "Special Act on the Improvement of Air Quality in the Seoul Metropolitan Area" was passed in December 2003. The Wongaksa Pagoda 10 tier pagoda is located In Tapgol Park, a small public park with an area of 19,599 m2 (210,962 sq ft). In 2008 the Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index ranked Seoul No.9. Love seoul metro.  Most bank headquarters and the Korea Exchange are located in Yeouido (Yeoui island), which is often called "South Korea's Wall Street" and has been serving as the financial center of the city since the 1980s. Finally, the Seoul branch of the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, whose main museum is located in Gwacheon, opened in 2013, in Sogyeok-dong.  Seoul has a very technologically advanced infrastructure..  The Fortress Wall of Seoul was built early in the Joseon dynasty for protection of the city. The Seoul metropolitan area is supported by a relatively large Metro transportation network, consisting of 9 lines and 270 stations, the total length of which reaches 312 km. In Amsa-dong Prehistoric Settlement Site, Gangdong District, neolithic remains were excavated and accidentally discovered by a flood in 1925.. The Seoul Museum of Art and Ilmin Museum of Art have preserved the appearance of the old building that is visually unique from the neighboring tall, modern buildings.  As of 2015, the population was 9.86 million, in 2012, it was 10.44 million. There is an exit exam for graduating from high school and many students proceeding to the university level are required to take the College Scholastic Ability Test that is held every November.
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