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Mint is a part of the mentha family. Spearmint/ Podena Kohi (پودینہ کوہی), which has the scientific distinction as Mentha Sylvestris, is a word that most people recognize, but often as the flavor of their favorite chewing gum.However, there is far more to this species of mint, which is why it has received so much attention in recent years. It gets its unusual name of spear from the pointy tips of the plant that could, in some imaginations, resemble the tip of a spear. Mentha aquatica var. Leaf. The stem is square-shaped, a defining characteristic of the mint family of herbs. 2010-11-29 19:15:32 2010-11-29 19:15:32. The leaf now grows all over the world, but its first use can be traced to Europe and Asia. Spearmint or known as Mentha spicata as its scientific name is the species of mint which has the pleasant smell. Spearmint Scientific Name. Synonyms .  Unlike oil of peppermint, oil of spearmint contains minimal amounts of menthol and menthone. Spearmint Plant Description. It is naturalized in many other temperate parts of the world, including northern and southern Africa, North America and South America. Its scientific name is Mentha spicata. FAMILY: N.O. Spearmint and peppermint are used for many of the same purposes, but they arenât the same plant. Spearmint Genus and Other Classification. Mentha spicata also known as mint is a genus of plants belonging to mint family Lamiaceae. Mentha spicata. Research has revealed this triad of compounds form a digestion improving cocktail that only nature could devise. Spearmint vs Peppermint. Every plant has different names in different languages. Two main diseases are rust and leaf spot. , Spearmint can be infected by tobacco ringspot virus. Propagation: Use seeds, or propagate the spearmint plant with cuttings or rootball division. These rhizomatous plants have a refreshing fragrance and attractive appearance: Height: These plants can grow anywhere between 30 cm and 100cm in height. The species and its subspecies have many synonyms, including Mentha crispa, Mentha crispata and Mentha viridis.  The name 'spear' mint derives from the pointed leaf tips. The stem is square-shaped. Most famous for its use in oral hygiene products like toothpaste, gum, and breath fresheners, spearmint (scientific name: Mentha viridis) has long been treasured for its natural healing … 'Spearmint' is a Chinese juniper cultivar with a dense, columnar to narrow-pyramidal habit, typically maturing to 10-15' tall but to only 4' wide. Spearmint is used for its aromatic oil, called oil of spearmint. It is 30â100 cm (12â39 in) tall, with variably hairless to hairy stems and foliage, and a wide-spreading fleshy underground rhizome from which it grows. Spearmint leaves can be used fresh, dried, or frozen. Herb plants, seeds and rhizomes for medicinal, culinary and other uses like natural insecticides and fertilisers (information provided where available). Spanish Name: Hierbabuena English Name: Spearmint Scientific Name: Mentha spicata Family: Lamiaceae Genus: Mentha Location: Benicàssim Province: Castelló de La Plana Country: Spain Continent: Europe Date: June 2019 "AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105 mm f/2.8G IF-ED" Macro Spearmint is a mint plant also known by its scientific name Mentha spicata.  Findings of early versions of toothpaste using mint in the 14th century suggest widespread domestication by this point. This plant is called à¤ªà¤¹à¤¾à¤¡à¤¼à¥ à¤ªà¥à¤¦à¥à¤¨à¤¾ in Hindi, Î´Ï ÏÏÎ¼Î¿Ï in Greek, hortelÃ£ in Portuguese and miÄta in Polish.  Spearmint is an ingredient in several mixed drinks, such as the mojito and mint julep. It is used as a flavouring for toothpaste and confectionery, and is sometimes added to shampoos and soaps. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. The toothed, rich green leaves of this perennial give off a wonderful aroma when rubbed. Mentha spicata. The species and subspecies have many synonyms.. References  The species has two accepted subspecies, each of which has acquired a large number of synonyms:, The plant is a tetraploid species (2n = 48), which could be a result of hybridization and chromosome doubling. These rhizomatous plants have a refreshing fragrance and attractive appearance: Height: These plants can grow anywhere between 30 cm and 100cm in height. 1 2 3. It is the most common cause of gastric ulcer . 'Spearmint' is a Chinese juniper cultivar with a dense, columnar to narrow-pyramidal habit, typically maturing to 10-15' tall but to only 4' wide. Spearmint is a popular herb that has its origin in the Asian and European countries and later spread to several parts of the globe. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Hence, scientific name of Spearmint is used worldwide. It produces flowers in slender spikes, each flower is pink or white, up to 3 mm long, and wide. The scientific name for these plants is Mentha spicata. Asked by Wiki User. The leaves are used fresh or dried to flavour many foods, particularly sweets, beverages, salads, soups, cheeses, meats, fish, sauces, fruits, and vegetables. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). It is used as a flavouring in food and herbal teas. Spearmint, which has the scientific name Mentha spicata and belongs to the family Lamiaceae, is used to add flavoring to food, beverages like iced tea, alcoholic drinks, and candy.Its smell usually makes people think about cleanliness; thus it is primarily used as the scent for various hygienic products such as bath scrubs, mouthwash, shaving creams, shampoos, soaps, and toothpaste. The scientific name of Spearmint is the botanical name or formal name. , Spearmint has been historically used for its antimicrobial activity, which is likely due to the high concentration of carvone. The herb has a strong, sweet aroma, but is not as strong as peppermint. Mentha piperita. Spearmint Genus and Other Classification. Spearmint is a perennial herb and a refreshing member of the mint family.  The degree of antimicrobial activity varies with the type of microorganism tested.. Leaves are 2.5 – 5cm long, oblong-ovate. , Mentha spicata hybridizes with other Mentha species, forming hybrids such as:, Mention of spearmint dates back to at least the 1st century AD, with references from naturalist Pliny and mentions in the Bible.  Further records show descriptions of mint in ancient mythology. Common Name: Spearmint, Mint, Perennial Herb. Common/English Name 2012-06-29 03:52:41 2012-06-29 03:52:41. Spearmint, or Mentha spicata, is a type of mint similar to peppermint.. It’s a perennial plant that hails from Europe and Asia but now commonly grows on five continents around the world. It is native to Europe and southern Asia.It is naturalized in northern and southern Africa, North America and South America.It is used as a flavouring in food and herbal teas.. Spearmint is the most effective in inhibiting the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Scientific Name: Mentha spicata. Spearmint is found all over the world, but it is native to Europe and Asia. Spearmint leaves are infused in water to make spearmint tea. 7 8 9. The other nematode species are Pratylenchus which cause root lesions. Wiki User Answered .  There is research on spearmint extracts in the treatment of gout and as an antiemetic. The easiest way is to find or purchase an existing spearmint … , Mentha spicata was first described scientifically by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Perfect for cooking or as a garnish. ", Spearmint is documented as being an important cash crop in Connecticut during the period of the American Revolution, at which time mint teas were noted as being a popular drink due to them not being taxed. In China, spearmint have been seen with mosaic symptoms and deformed leaves. Mentha longifolia and Mentha suaveolens (2n = 24) are likely to be the contributing diploid species. Sweet tea, iced and flavoured with spearmint, is a summer tradition in the Southern United States. According to the College of Agricultural Studies at Penn State, spearmint was used by the Greeks for medicinal purposes such as curing hiccups and clearing the voice. Scientific Name: Mentha spicata: Origin: Native to Europe and Asia and naturalized in parts of northern and western Africa, North and South America and various oceanic islands. Asked by Wiki User. 17 Page 238 çå °é¦ liu lan xiang, "Seasonal variation in content, chemical composition and antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of essential oils from four, "Antiemetic activity of volatile oil from, "Productivity, Oil Content, and Composition of Two Spearmint Species in Mississippi", "Health-promoting properties of common herbs", "The continuing search for antitumor agents from higher plants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spearmint&oldid=991826396, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 00:55. Spearmint is a species that belongs to the mint family and is native to North Africa, Egypt, and Morocco.. He also mentions that "the smell rejoice the heart of man", for which cause they used to strew it in chambers and places of recreation, pleasure and repose, where feasts and banquets are made. Early research, however, indicates, that drinking a cup of spearmint tea twice daily should help to decrease the levels of male sex hormones (testosterone) in the blood of women with male-pattern hair growth within a month. , Fungal diseases are common diseases in spearmint. Common name of Spearmint is the name which changes with change in the regions. Mentha spicata L.. Common Names. Many hybrids and cultivars are known.. Killing the cause of infection can provide immediate relief from pain. Mint: Scientific Name and Common Names in Different Languages. Water: Medium. This form of mint has certainly picked up other names through the years including Sage of Bethlehem, Menthe de Notre Dame, and lamb mint. Name Spearmint oil; Scientific Name of Spearmint plant: Mentha spicata: Native: Spearmint is native to Europe and Asia (Himalayas, Middle east and China). Why Is Spearmint So Special? Spearmint has a similar taste to peppermint. Puccinia menthae is a fungus that causes the disease called ârustâ.  It is used as a flavouring in food and herbal teas. Leaf spot is a fungal disease that occurs when Alternaria alernata is present on the spearmint leaves. It includes several varieties, the most commonly hear ones being peppermint and spearmint Mint has been added to many savory dishes and cool as well as hot beverages since time immortal. The leaves are 5â9 cm (2â3 1⁄2 in) long and 1.5â3 cm (1⁄2â1 1⁄4 in) broad, with a serrated margin. , Spearmint ideally thrives in soils that are deep and well drained, moist, rich in nutrients and organic matter, and have a crumbly texture. Botanical Name. Spacing: 12 - 18" (30 - 46cm) Height: 36" (91cm) Width: 24 - 36" (61 - 91cm) Exposure: Shade, Sun. Some dispute exists as to what drying method works best; some prefer different materials (such as plastic or cloth) and different lighting conditions (such as darkness or sunlight). Answer. It is widely used across Europe and in large parts of Asia and Africa in flavored drinks, salads, confectionary, and as a garnish to recipes. Hybridization occurs naturally where some species range overlap. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Spearmint, (Mentha spicata), aromatic herb of the mint family (), widely used for culinary purposes.Spearmint is native to Europe and Asia and has been naturalized in North America and parts of Africa. Genus name comes from the Latin name for the juniper. According to the College of Agricultural Studies at Penn State, spearmint was used by the Greeks for medicinal purposes such as curing hiccups and clearing the voice. It can be dried by cutting just before, or right (at peak) as the flowers open, about one-half to three-quarters the way down the stalk (leaving smaller shoots room to grow). Spearmint, also known as garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint, is a species of mint, Mentha spicata, native to Europe and southern temperate Asia, extending from Ireland in the west to southern China in the east. The appropriate dose of spearmint depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. You can also know the Spearmint Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. The leaves lose their aromatic appeal after the plant flowers. Stem: Their green stem is hairless or slightly hairy. , Mentha spicata varies considerably in leaf blade dimensions, the prominence of leaf veins, and pubescence. Research and health effects of spearmint oil, Spearmint oil used as insecticide and pesticide, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Flora of China Vol. Many hybrids and cultivars are known. Peppermint's scientific name, for example, is Mentha piperita, while Mentha spicata is spearmint. Scientific Name. The common name is widely used everywhere. The aromatic oil, called oil of spearmint, is also used as a flavouring and sometimes as a scent. The infection looks like circular dark spot on the top side of the leaf. , Spearmint essential oil has had success as a larvicide against mosquitoes. Each distinct species of mint has its own scientific name. The botanical name of spearmint is Mentha spicata.. History of spearmint oil. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Spearmint, also known as garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint, is a species of mint, Mentha spicata, native to Europe and southern temperate Asia, extending from Ireland in the west to southern China in the east. Using spearmint as a larvicide would be a greener alternative to synthetic insecticides due to their toxicity and negative effect to the environment. Spearmint oil also contains significant amounts of limonene, dihydrocarvone, and 1,8-cineol.
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