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The older name has priority and is now the valid scientific name of the extended Amaranthaceae (s.l. In most cases, neither basal nor terminal aggregations of leaves occur.. A delicious substitute for spinach and an essential ingredient in preparation of Masiyal, it has medicinal qualities especially for post partum and lactating women. This variety of amaranthus originally from India, is grown extensively in the West Indies, and is popularly used in soups and stews. (Chenopodiaceae). Amaranthus Polygonoides Siru keerai, is another spinach substitute popular in Tamil Nadu. HMA Greens Hydro is a Hydroponics farm located in Chennai and spread over a quarter acre which can produce over 14,500 plants. Keerai – Tamil. Maturity: 25-30 days. Super Moderator. Spinach varieties in English, Tamil and Botanical names.. ... English - spiny amaranth,prickly amaranth B.Name - Amaranthus spinosus Penmai's Celebrity Talk Show!! The systematics of Amaranthaceae are the subject of intensive recent research. Amaranthus - Arai keerai . The genus of spinach is Amaranthus, and the genus of spinach is Spinacia. https://gkfooddiary.com/spinach-recipes-babies-kids-can-i-give-my-baby-spinach Arai Keerai or Tricolor Amaranthus or அரைக் கீரை 2. Araikeerai or spleen amaranthus is a variety of amaranthus popular in Tamil Nadu. Amaranthus viridis is eaten as a boiled green or as a vegetable in many parts of the world.. The entire plant is used to make medicine. , Although most of the family use the more common C3 photosynthesis pathway, around 800 species are C4 plants; this makes the Amaranthaceae the largest group with this photosynthesis pathway among the eudicots (which collectively includes about 1,600 C4 species). Maturity: 25-30 days. For further and more detailed information, see the subfamily pages. Araikeerai or spleen amaranthus is a variety of amaranthus popular in Tamil Nadu. Several amaranth species are also used indirectly as a source of soda ash, such as members of the genus Salicornia (see glasswort). They never possess stipules. Other species are considered weeds, e.g., redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) and alligatorweed (Alternanthera philoxeroides), and several are problematic invasive species, particularly in North America, including Kali tragus and Bassia scoparia. It is called Arakkeerai or Killukeerai in Tamil. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. are divided into 10 subfamilies with approximately 180 genera and 2,500 species.. It will release red color into soups and dishes when cooked. The diaspores are seeds or fruits (utricles), more often the perianth persists and is modified in fruit for means of dispersal.  Many of the species are halophytes, tolerating salty soils, or grow in dry steppes or semi-deserts. Amaranthus dubious. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, MA, Hossein Akhani, Gerald Edwards, Eric H. Roalson (2007): Diversification Of The Old World Salsoleae s.l. The first occurrence of C4 photosynthesis dates from the early Miocene, about 24 million years ago, but in some groups, this pathway evolved much later, about 6 (or less) million years ago. ShravaniMaath – Marathi. -, Maxim V. Kapralov, Hossein Akhani, Elena V. Voznesenskaya, Gerald Edwards, Vincent Franceschi, Eric H. Roalson (2006): Phylogenetic Relationships in the Salicornioideae / Suaedoideae / Salsoloideae s.l. In the Northeastern Indian state of Manipur, it is known as cheng-kruk; it is also eaten as a vegetable in South India, especially in Kerala, where it is known as kuppacheera കുപ്പച്ചീര. Find Top 10 Health Benefits of Small Spinach of Eat Only at ValaiTamil.com Amaranthus Polygonoides Siru keerai, is another spinach substitute popular in Tamil Nadu. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). – synonyms", "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", List of allergic plants in family Chenopodiaceae at pollenlibrary.com, "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", Germplasm Resources Information Network (USDA), National Center for Biotechnology Information, IUCN link: Amaranthaceae threatened species, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthaceae&oldid=983224965, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Easy to grow, simply sprinkle tiny seeds on the surface of the soil. A delicious substitute for spinach and an essential ingredient in preparation of Masiyal, it has medicinal qualities especially for post partum and lactating women. Sharp and somewhat narrow leaves. A number of species are popular garden ornamental plants, especially species from the genera Alternanthera, Amaranthus, Celosia, and Iresine. Jun 26, 2020 - #potatobajji #streetfood #lockdownrecipes #aloopakora potato bajji|how to make potato bajji at home For more videos please subscribe to my channel. Cheera can grow in all the seasons, Rainy , summer , winter etc. AMARANTHUS, PALAK AND GOGU AMARANTHUS - Amaranthus spp. Easy to grow, simply sprinkle seeds on the surface of soil. Leaves and succulent stem are good sources of iron (38.5 mg/100g), calcium (350-400 mg/100g), Red spinach is a member of the plant family Amaranthaceae, which includes nearly 2,500 species ranging from spinach to beetroot to grains such as amaranth and quinoa. You can also use it like spinach in soups and stews. The leaves are rich in Vitamin, A, Iron and Calcium. In kerala there are 2 types of Spinach using, Red and Green Color. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. The most ubiquitous are Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Amaranthus caudatus, Amaranthus tricolor, Amaranthus paniculatus, Amaranthus tristis, Amaranthus viridis, Amaranthus spinosus, amaranthus paniculatus. Bracts and bracteoles are either herbaceous or scarious. It could be taken in form of popcorns or added to salads. Wholesaler of Seeds-Spinach - Sri Keerai Green Seed, Amaranthus Red leaves, Spinach offered by Susi Seeds, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. In India, people are compelled to eat any one of the spinach variety during festivals. (Amaranthus spp.) = sensu lato).  The monophyly of this broadly defined Amaranthaceae has been strongly supported by both morphological and phylogenetic analyses..  In this preliminary classification, the Amaranthaceae s.l. The former Chenopodiaceae often contain isoflavonoids. In India it is known as Thotakura or Koyagura (Telugu), Cheera (Malayalam), Dantina Soppu (Kannada), Maath (Marathi),Bhajji (konkani) and Chauli or Chavleri Sag (Hindi).Rich in vitamins and iron Good for eyes and hair Builds immune system They are flat or terete, and their shape is extremely variable, with entire or toothed margins. Please note that Humming bird tree seeds need to be scarified (scrape seed on sand paper till you can barely seed the inside layer) and soak for 24 hours before sowing. Overview Information Amaranth is a plant. One to five stamens are opposite to tepals or alternating, inserting from a hypogynous disc, which may have appendages (pseudostaminodes) in some species. The leaves are rich, Hummingbird tree (Sesbania grandiflora) Agathi Keerai. Thotakura – Telugu. gkarti Golden Ruler's of Penmai. Easy to grow, simply sprinkle tiny seeds on … The abundant source of this variety heps the farmers to feed for their cows. The green or white embryo is either spirally (and without perisperm) or annular (rarely straight). Aug 18, 2015 #4 ENGLISH A delicious substitute for spinach and an essential ingredient in preparation of Masiyal, it has medicinal qualities especially for post partum and lactating women. Amaranth in Indian Languages. Species with higher water-use efficiency had a selective advantage and were able to spread out into arid habitats.. Young leaves and stems can be harvested periodically for a long time during the growth. Safety profile. In Hindi gaach-munga, in Telugu avisi, in Bengali Bokful, and Hadga Flower in Marathi. This red variety is very popular. Molecular genetic studies revealed the traditional classification, based on morphological and anatomical characters, often did not reflect the phylogenetic relationships. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. The genus of spinach is Amaranthus, and the genus of spinach is Spinacia. www.nithyasnalabagam.com/2013/05/top-8-pasalai-keerai-recipes-spinach.html The plant comes from the family Amaranthaceae and Amaranthus as genus. -, "Tropics: Amaranthaceae Juss. How To Grow Thotakura/Amaranth – Seed sowing: In order to sow the seeds, you will need to sprinkle them in a thin way on a pot with medium size and is filled with potting soil which is loose. -, Gudrun Kadereit, Evgeny V. Mavrodiev, Elizabeth H. Zacharias, Alexander P. Sukhorukov (2010): Molecular phylogeny of Atripliceae (Chenopodioideae, Chenopodiaceae): Implications for systematics, biogeography, flower and fruit evolution, and the origin of C4 Photosynthesis. Good for health in building strong bones and improves eye sight. Joined Sep 3, 2012 Messages 54,322 Location Madurai. Health Benefits: According to Ayurveda, the juice extracted from amaranth leaves help in treating diarrhoea and haemorrhage conditions. Spinach requires good fertilizers and nutrients as it is a heavy feeder. Sowing can be done throughout the year. If your not familiar with these tamil names, i would simply suggest, this curry can be made with most of the spinach varieties. The first publication of family Chenopodiaceae was in 1799 by Étienne Pierre Ventenat in Tableau du Regne Vegetal, 2, p. 253. In tribe Caroxyloneae, anthers have vesicular appendages. Amaranthus - Siru keerai . = sensu stricto) have to be included, too, and the name of the extended family is Amaranthaceae. (2008). It possess rich amount of minerals and vitamins having a delicate taste. Seeds: The seeds could be eaten raw or cooked. Therefore, this photosynthesis pathway seems to have developed about 15 times independently during the evolution of the family. Amaranthus virdis is a commonly found spinach in Indian villages. Amaranthus Growing Guide. , The multiple origin of C4 photosynthesis in the Amaranthaceae is regarded as an evolutionary response to inexorably decreasing atmospheric CO2 levels, coupled with a more recent permanent shortage in water supply as well as high temperatures. Benefits of red spinach helps during the time spent solid discharge since it contains a considerable measure of fiber. Dysphania ambrosioides (epazote) and Dysphania anthelmintica are used as medicinal herbs. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species.It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae. -, Gudrun Kadereit, Ladislav Mucina, Helmut Freitag (2006): Phylogeny of Salicornioideae (Chenopodiaceae): diversification, biogeography, and evolutionary trends in leaf and flower morphology. All parts of the tree are also utilized for medicine in Southeastern Asia and India including preparations derived from the roots, bark, gum, leaves, flowers, and fruit. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Well drained loamy soils with slightly acidic nature and warm climate are suitable for amaranthus cultivation. -, G. Kadereit, S. Hohmann, J.W. Spinach - Arai keerai , Thotakura or Koyagura,Cheera,Dantina soppu,math,Bhajii,Chauli or Chavleri Sag. All parts of the tree are also utilized for medicine in Southeastern Asia and India including preparations derived from the roots, bark, gum, leaves, flowers, and fruit. Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta. Chinese spinach, Green amaranth , Pigweed: Local name: Koora thampala (කූර තම්පලා) @ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: LC (NCS)-2012: Description: Annual herb, 10-75 (100) cm tall; stems rather slender, glabrous. -, Ivonne Sánchez del-Pino, Thomas Borsch, Timothy J. Motle (2009): trnL-F and rpl16 Sequence Data and Dense Taxon Sampling Reveal Monophyly of Unilocular Anthered Gomphrenoideae (Amaranthaceae) and an Improved Picture of Their Internal Relationships. Harive – Kannada. High in iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamins A and C, as well as protein. Some publications still continued to use the family name Chenopodiaceae. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Thandu Keerai or Tender Amaranthus or கீரைத் தண்டு 4. simple goan preparation of a dry dish made with red amaranth leaves. In Tamil the tree is called Kathurumurunga or akatthi,(Agathi Keerai). Of the 60-70 types of amaranth grown in the world, several grow in India. would form two distinct monophyletic groups and could be treated as two separate families. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. (Chenopodiaceae) Clade and a Clarification of the Phylogenetic Position of Bienertia and Alexandra Using Multiple DNA Sequence Datasets. It goes well combined with dal or as a poriyal. It propagates by seed and flowers all year in subtropical and tropical climates. (2n = 32, 34, 64) - (Hindi: Chaulai) Family: Amaranthaceae . The stems are sparingly or densely branched and channeled. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Broad dented leaves. -. Amaranthaceae Juss. In some species, the leaves are reduced to minute scales. 2013;11(3):206-12. this healthy tambdi bhaji can be served as a side dish with a dal and rice combination. The leaves are smaller and pointier than Arai keerai and consuming it has cooling properties. Also known as: muļļu keerai, since some wild strains can have thorns (muļļu is Tamil for thorns): ordinary arakeerai (Amaranthus Dubius) is closely related to, and practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus spinosus–except when thorns are present. It is also used like a grain. About two-thirds of the C4 species belong to the former Chenopodiaceae. (Chenopodiaceae): Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis Of Nuclear And Chloroplast Data Sets And A Revised Classification. Seed rate. The former Amaranthaceae (in their narrow circumscription) are classified into two subfamilies, Amaranthoideae and Gomphrenoideae, and contain about 65 genera and 900 species in tropical Africa and North America. , is another spinach substitute popular in Tamil Nadu. Some species are succulent. The horizontal or vertical seed often has a thickened or woody seed coat. In Karnataka, where it grows abundantly, locals widely use these leaves (known as rajgiri or kempu harave soppu) to make preparations like huli (a dal and vegetable curry-like preparation eaten … The common local names the plant is called throughout India are as follows: Chua – Uttarakhand. gkarti Golden Ruler's of Penmai. Health benefits of Red Spinach (Amaranthus dubius) 1 Digestive health. If Polycnemoideae would be separated as its own family, Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae (s.str.) , The basic chromosome number is (rarely 6) mostly 8–9 (rarely 17). Amaranthus dubious. In some parts of the Caribbean the leaves of this plant, and a popular stew are referred to as Calalloo, while in other parts of the Caribbean, it is the leaf of the Taro plant that bears this name. Uses. The farm is automated which thus allows for precision farming and accurate nutrient delivery. The flavor of raw and cooked vegetable amaranth was equal to or greater than that of spinach or any other similar green (Martin and Ruberte 1979, Daloz 1980, AbboH and C ampbell 1982). Keerai leaves are high in vitamin C, vitamin A, calcium, potassium, and folate. cons., Gomphrenaceae Raf., Polycnemaceae Menge, Salicorniaceae Martynov, Salsolaceae Menge, and Spinaciaceae Menge. It is often cooked with dals. They can be added to salads and are commonly used in soups, stir-fries, rice dishes, dals, and curries. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. After that, the soil has to be watered slightly. -, Gudrun Kadereit, Thomas Borsch, Kurt Weising, Helmut Freitag (2003): Phylogeny of Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae and the evolution of C, Judd et al. It is a common vegetable in Bengali cuisine, where it is called note shak ("shak" means leafy vegetable). It lends itself for 10 clippings, commencing from 20 days after sowing and provides a continuous supply of luscious tender green for three months. Amaranthus virdis is a commonly found spinach in Indian villages. View abstract. The treatment is again different in Tamil Nadu, where amaranth leaves are steamed and mashed with a light seasoning of salt, red chillies and cumin to make a popular dish called keerai masiyal. Common name: spiny pigweed. Araikeerai (Botanical Name - Amaranthus Dubius): Araikeerai is a common spinach type used in most of the houses. The unique blend of natural source of vitamins and minerals enhance in producing good milk with pure quality. Kai Müller, Thomas Borsch (2005): Phylogenetics of Amaranthaceae using matK/trnK sequence data – evidence from parsimony, likelihood and Bayesian approaches. Notya – Bengali. It includes the former goosefoot family Chenopodiaceae and contains about 165 genera and 2,040 species,   making it the most species-rich lineage within its parent order , … The wood of the perennial stem has a typical "anomalous" secondary growth; only in subfamily Polycnemoideae is secondary growth normal. 2.5 kg/ha of seeds broadcasted evenly on the beds after mixing with 10 parts of sand. In this article we will post about the Cultivation of Spinach (Amaranthus). -, Gudrun Kadereit, Helmut Freitag (2011): Molecular phylogeny of Camphorosmeae (Camphorosmoideae, Chenopodiaceae): Implications for biogeography, evolution of C4-photosynthesis and taxonomy. (Amaranthus spp.) Project for Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable use for Improved Human Nutrition and well-being in Sri Lanka Amaranth greens, like spinach, carry higher contents of oxalic acid (1.09 g/100g), a naturally-occurring substance found in some vegetables, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some people. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Amaranthus is a genus of about 60 species, all of which are seasonal crops, both living in the tropics and sub-tropics. Green variety of Amaranthus popular in Andhra Pradesh.  Phylogenetic research revealed the important impact of the subfamily Polycnemoideae on the classification (see cladogram): if Polycnemoideae are considered a part of Chenopodiaceae, then Amaranthaceae (s.str. , In the APG IV system of 2016, as in the previous Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classifications, the family is placed in the order Caryophyllales and includes the plants formerly treated as the family Chenopodiaceae. This is a miraculous spinach type that has lots of medicinal benefits. A delicious substitute for spinach and an essential ingredient in preparation of Masiyal, it has medicinal qualities especially for post partum and lactating women. , Widespread in the Amaranthaceae is the occurrence of betalain pigments. Keerai leaves can be used both raw or cooked, such as stir-frying, steaming, sauteing, and boiling. Kadereit (2006): A synopsis of Chenopodiaceae subfam. Siru keerai, is another spinach substitute popular in Tamil Nadu. The flowers, young leaves and tender pods of the white flowered hummingbird tree are edible. Malabar spinach can be used raw, in salads, or as a stand alone vegetable. Sesbania grandiflora is a small erect, fast-growing, and sparsely branched tree that reaches 32 feet in height. SKU: 668 Leaf axils without paired spines. Amaranth or Amaranthus is a tropical and sub-tropical seasonal crop categorized as a leafy vegetable, cereal, and also as an ornamental plant. In tamil it is called as arakeerai. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species.It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae.. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species.It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae.. Amaranthus dubious. Cheera – Mayalam. Pasalai Keerai or Kodi Pasalai or Vine Spinach or பசலைக் கீரை 5. Season and sowing. 4-1-2 ratios of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (n-p-k) are good enough to grow healthy spinach leaves. cons., Corispermaceae Link, Deeringiaceae J.Agardh, Dysphaniaceae (Pax) Pax nom. The seeds of Amaranthus, lamb's quarters (Chenopodium berlandieri), quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) are edible and are used as pseudocereals. Amaranth is the most common leaf vegetable grown in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. , The leaves are simple and mostly alternate, sometimes opposite. Araikeerai or spleen amaranthus is a variety of amaranthus popular in Tamil Nadu. The leaves are smaller and pointier than Arai keerai and consuming it has cooling properties. Staff member. There are 4 species of Amaranthus cultivated as vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus bllitum, Amaranthus dubius and Amaranthus tricolor. Amaranthus viridis is eaten as a boiled green or as a vegetable in many parts of the world. Buttery Malabar Spinach Recipe. Siru Keerai or Tropical Amaranthus or சிறு கீரை 3. The leaves are smaller and pointier than Arai keerai and consuming it has cooling properties. Spinach is a dark, leafy green vegetable that is packed with vitamins and other nutrients. Individuals with known oxalate urinary tract stones are advised to avoid eating certain vegetables belonging to Amaranthaceae and Brassica family. Spinach curry made with any of the spinach variety like palak, thandu keerai, arai keerai (amaranthus), mulai keerai or siru keerai. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Easy to grow, simply sprinkle tiny seeds on the surface of the soil. Leaves are triangular-ovate to narrowly rhombic, about 2-7 cm long and 1 to 6 am wide and hairless; tip usually narrow and with a small narrow notch, stalks are about 1-10 cm long.
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