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The word for "in the bank" is pankista. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation in which consonants alternate between various "grades". It is found in some Finno-Lappic languages such as Finnish, Estonian and Sámi, as well as in the Samoyed language Nganasan.Of the Baltic-Finnic languages, the Votic language is known for its extensive set of gradation patterns. Finnish Consonant Gradation The term consonant gradation refers to a set of alternations that involve intervocalic voiceless stops, k, p, and t, and the corresponding geminate consonants kk, pp, and tt. Consonant gradation in verb type 1: Strong consonant in the infinitive and 3rd person forms hän and he. A case takes either strong or weak consonant gradation. kiiks52 1 24. Declining Finnish nouns (and adjectives) is rather simple, despite having 15 cases. The Finnish … Show declension of consonant gradation noun consonant gradation (uncountable) The Finnish word for bank is pankki. In grammar references, the term neutral is not used. Whereas some forms will naturally exist in "strong" grade, double consonants will appear, such as pp or kk. Consonant gradation concerning nouns. In the Finnish language words can change depending on the way that word is being used. In Saame, consonant gradation is regular, but in Finnish it can appear downright arbitrary even years into studying the language. Home Academic disciplines Subfields by academic discipline Branches of linguistics Linguistic morphology Consonant gradation. Note: Consonant gradation does not take effect if the last consonants of the word end in -sk, -st, or -tk, for example: More information about consonant gradation can be found from minä nukun, sinä nukut, me nukumme, te nukutte, en nuku I sleep, you sleep, we sleep, you sleep, I … Declining Finnish nouns (and adjectives) is rather simple, despite having 15 cases. I use it here as a placeholder for the regular ol’ letter. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various "grades". Consonant gradation is something you’re going to run into all the time when learning Finnish. Some forms within the inflection, however, will require a "weaker" grade, in which case the doubling is removed, or a sonorant is inserted. They also occur in other Finnic and Uralic languages, see Consonant gradation for a more general overview. Consonant gradation is the term used for a set of alternations which are widespread in Finnish grammar. This simple sentence translates into Finnish as Minä pidän sinusta. nukkua; hän nukkuu, he nukkuvat to sleep; he/she sleeps, they sleep. Sound change and alternation Metathesis Quantitative metathesis In this document I shall explain the basic principle of this often disregarded, yet irreplaceable system present in the Finnish language, so that you may better understand it and make use of it while you write and speak Finnish. As you learn each case, learn the consonant gradation rule for each. The script below defines small lexicon Consonant gradation is a lenition process common to most of the Finnic languages, as well as several other Uralic languages. for Finnish in which Weak consonant in other forms. Introduction Consonant gradation is a lenition process common to most of the Finnic languages, as well as several other Uralic languages. The basic plural form is called the t-plural. A needlessly long Finnish lesson for the grammar and language history nut - the real rule of the consonant gradation So, if you have studied Finnish for any amount of time, you have probably heard of consonant gradation, the seemingly arbitrary or at least complicated fenomenon of k,p and t changing in length or into another consonant with certain suffixes: (mato-madon, kukka-kukan, vika-vian).