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Second, I’d like to ask, “Would you be willing to part with a few aerial tubers of your purple ube Dioscorea alata?” I’ve been searching local stores and nurseries for the “real deal” for quite some time, now. While looking at Ebay for Dioscorea Alata I ran across Dioscorea Trifida, the cush-cush yam. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The Great South Florida Food Forest Project. PlantLinks to other web pages about Dioscorea polystachya I welcome comments about my web pages; feel free to use the form below to leave feedback about this particular page. It now ranges from Vermont south to … Common Names. It has spread from Lousianna to Vermont and can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. If it can grow in the cold climate that will be great. Today we’ll look at how to grow yams, plus this post will serve as aÂ survival plant profile on my favorite root. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. I cover yams in Totally Crazy Easy Florida Gardening with great enthusiasm – and they also get a good mentionÂ in Grow or Die: The Good Guide to Survival Gardening. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Ebay is a good source for various yams. BOB. Imp. Once you know how to grow yams, you’ll be eating ’em all the time. These vines grow two types of edible tubers, small aerial tubers grow where the leaves attach to the stem and a larger tap-root type tuber grows at the base of the plant. Hi David, I am trying to find out if the LEAVES of the purple yam Dioscorea Alata are toxic. I still have about 100lbs left on the back porch. Check this out: I don’t know what that tastes like but I want to eat it. These vine borers take out summer squash here almost at a 100% rate. Send photos! Once they are peeled, chop them up and cook until fork-tender. Links . Ease of growing:Â Very easy I have probably lost 20 or so vines in 2 years. Do you happen to recognize this yam and can you tell me if it will grow and survive in USDA zone 8b? I would love to have more information about her or her family, but I haven’t had any luck.). The leaves are up to 4.5 inches long and wide and are green and heart-shaped. Plant database entry for Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) with 10 images, one comment, and 17 data details. David: I live in coastal Mobile, AL, zone 8b and I planted “purple yam” last year that I purchased at a local oriental food market. Unfortunately they had a direct hit from Hurricane Michael Michaelâ. You’re welcome. Chinese yam, cinnamon vine Synonyms. The vines came up and looked gorgeous until the frost nipped them back in December. I am considering buying some more “purple yam” off of Ebay and trying it again but it is expensive on Ebay. Cinnamon vine is another commonly used name for Dioscorea polystachya. Yams have a growing season and a dormant season. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. they used the same picture for the chinese yams as for the purple yams lol 56 sold….sad. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the internet. Thanks for stopping by. Dense shading and sometimes eventual mortality of low-growing herbaceous vegetation, shrubs, and I bought a small chunk from the Asian market and it ended up sprouting up a super long purple vine. How To Protect Moringa Trees From Frost –... Why You Should Keep Mango Trees Small and... Why Becoming a Master Gardener Isn’t Worth It, A DIY Smoked Hot Homemade Pepper Sauce Recipe, More Victims of the Satanic Grazon Herbicide, Survival Plant Profile: Cassava – King of Staples, The Edible Blue Mushroom: Lactarius Indigo, Velvet Beans: A Natural Testosterone Booster. Those are bitter and poisonous. I had good luck rooting yam cuttings in a mist house last year. I was wondering whether “layering” techniques can be applied to the yam vine to increase root tuber, such as you would with a sprawling sweet potato vine? Dioscorea polystachya in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. A combination of cold and rain likely did it in. SYNONYMS: for Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Vines are either woody or herbaceous plants that climb or sprawl. Where I live in Florida, they grow vigorously through spring and summer and into the fall,Â die back and eventually freeze down in the winter. Excellent! If you don’t have bulbils, you need to make “minisetts.” All that requires is a good yam root, a knife, and perhaps some ashes to ward off potential soil pests. . I am starting to get suspicious if they are susceptible to vine borers. Last year, I had a little success and enjoyed some. Apparently they are a little more resilient than I thought…once it stayed in the mid 90s around here they popped up and started climbing. Reply. The normal method of propagation is via bulbils for the varieties that produce bulbils, and via divided roots for those that do not. I’ll try to cover the basics on how to grow yams, then get into some details on individual species. Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya or Dioscorea batatas) is an ornamental vine that is native to Asia. The plant is not self-fertile. Come down here and loot in the next week or so. It is a tuberous perennial vine that can grow to 11 feet or more and has long-stalked, glossy green heart-shaped leaves. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). […] Does it Take An Avocado To… 4 Simple Ways to Get Rid of St…. Appearance Dioscorea polystachya is an invasive herbaceous, twining vine that grows to about 16.4 ft. (5 m). The wild Dioscorea bulbifera bulbils in Florida are considered poisonous. There are the “name” yams you get from the ethnic markets (and often from Publix supermarkets, if you have those in your area), then there are the “water yams,” also known as “winged yams” or, most properly Dioscorea alata, andÂ there are also edible forms of Dioscorea bulbiferaÂ (the dreaded “air potato”) that make airborne roots you can eat, and, of course, there’s the cold-hardy Chinese yam of “yamberry” fame, then…. Go figure…if you come across some sort of chayote growing miracle process then please keep me informed and I will be sure to do the same. I need to find out what the deal is. I think more research on those would be valuable. Many yam species have aerial “bulbils” (roots) that you can plant for the next year’s harvest. Dioscorea polystachya. Got a tiny little tuber. Regardless, the accepted name for now for the Chinese Yam is Dioscorea polystachya. Exposure: Full sun/part shade Sweet potatoes are in the Ipomoea family, whereas yams are in the completely different Dioscorea family. The record derives from WCSP which reports it as an accepted name (record 240732 ) with original publication details: Bull. I leave in Florida and have been trying to grow yam for a while. David The Good May 11, 2019 - … They are different from the wild forms growing around Florida. [21,43]: Dioscorea batatas Decne. The shiny green heart shaped leaves hang on vines that twine rapidly to 20'. Common Name: Chinese yam, cinnamon vine, Dioscorea oppositifolia, Dioscorea batatas Family Name: Yam (Dioscoreaceae) NJ Status: Emerging Stage 0 – Absent or very rare. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 240732 ) with original publication details: Bull. Foliage The leaves are alternate proximally but can become opposite as they advance up the vine. I just ordered some dioscorea alata off eBay and will put them in the ground when they get here. Dioscorea polystachya is native to China and wasoriginally introduced into North America as an ornamental vine, as food, and for medicinal purposes. Is there another way to tell the difference between a ube yam and a purple sweet potato? ), First of all, you need to figure out what type of yams you’re going to grow. If you can find yams to grow, grow them! Thanks David…now that you have confessed with struggling with chayotes I do not feel as bad. Thesis, Southern Illinois University, 104pp. The edible tubers are cultivated largely in Asia and sometimes used in alternative medicine. Hello I live in London England after bringing some bits of yam back from China last year they are growing well and this week I dug up my first ones to eat it was wonderful. Chinese Yam, Cinnamon Vine, Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Threat Level Category; Established: Vine: Similar Species ... Air-potato and Chinese yam grow rapidly and occur on open to semi-shady sites. Soc. Yes – I’ve grown it before. Give it a try and see. It would probably grow to USDA zone 8. Would like to hear your 2 cents on this. The air potato might be a type of wild yam, but that doesn’t mean you can eat the tubers of the wild, uncultivated plant. I pulled this one from beneath a tree in some crummy sand and clay in Summerfield, Florida when I was out wild foraging: Speaking of wild foraging, the invasiveÂ Dioscorea bulbiferaÂ or “air potato” can be found all over the place but it’s not safe to eat. Chinese Yam escaped cultivation in the mid-1990s. Good to diversify the crops. Type: Vining perennial Warty round bulbils grow in the leaf axis from which new plants are formed. Dioscorea polystachya Turez. All Right Reserved. Cold-hardy: No, though roots live through freezes I find it incredible that they’re almost NEVER covered in Florida gardening books. -DTG. For the benefit of other visitors to these pages, I will list any relevant comments you leave, and if appropriate, I will update my page to correct mis-information. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Anyway, I have been excited about seeing my vines come back up but as of yet I have not seen any live action. Look at these: You can bet that’s not just one year’s growth. be careful buying seeds for yams. Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (Chinese: 山 药), also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family.It is sometimes called Chinese potato or by its Japanese name nagaimo.. Name:Â Yams, Chinese yams, ube, name, etc. Firstly, the correct name for this plant is Dioscorea polystachya. there is someone selling seeds for yams on etsy saying they are “mountain yams” they listed it as Dioscorea hamiltonii. Hi David, I live in zone 4b of the US and was wondering if it would be possible to grow Chinese yam. It also looks like cinnamon vines will be making it as a perennial. Good Morning David: Please clear something up for me. You are saying that the Bulbifera variety has both edible and non-edible varieties? Another method I haven’t read much about is starting yams from cuttings. That method of cultivation sounds amazing. Nutrition:Â LowÂ – mostly just carbohydrates The elongated tuber grows 2-3 feet long and can be eaten raw or cooked. I planted about a half-dozen in Florida one year and was lucky enough to get two survivors. I donât want them to dry up, or rot! It is a spooky sight seeing a fields of very high rickety looking bamboo poles to support the yam vines, cemetery like look. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. The best place to keep yams is right in the ground, then you can dig and eat them as needed. The most exciting varieties are the ones that produce edible aerial tubers along with the below-ground roots. …well, let’s just say there are a LOT of yams. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. I’m sorry it rotted out – the cold was probably too much for it. Naturalistes Moscou 7: 158 1837 . Caspar May 10, 2019 - 8:37 pm. ... this species may be considered for use under specific management practices that have been approved by the IFAS Invasive Plant Working Group. Taste: Very good I know it lives in 9. Would I do better to start them in a pot and put them underneath a tree to climb up or just put them in the ground under the tree? It actually tasted pretty good though. Recognizability: Low I found it growing right near a huge patch of non-edible Dioscorea bulbifera and identified it by its leaves and dangling bulbils. In some ways Yam C (Dioscorea polystachya) resembles both Yam A and Yam B (Dioscorea alata, D. Dioscorea batatas, Dioscorea decaisneana, Dioscorea opposita Conclusions by Zone. M.S. Dioscorea polystachya is a fast growing twining vine that has escaped from cultivation, and has the ability to rapidly invade pristine habitats, especially riparian corridors. #inpursuitofinvasives . Origin and Distribution So maybe layering it a little before then allowing it to climb the pole. D. polystachya is the one growing in North America. Next is is an exotic invasive … My first impression of this plant was, “what is this flying mini potato?That made it somewhat easy to identify as an air potato, … Thanks David…I appreciate the reply…love your books from Amazon. I don’t know if give youÂ as big of a harvestÂ the first year if you start them from cuttings, but I do know they’ll root. […] 2 Blocks, 17 Edibles Purple Ube Yams How To Protect Moringa Trees From Frost –… How To Grow Yams The Edible Blue Mushroom: Lactarius Indigo How Long Does it Take An Avocado To… Velvet […]. The Chinese Yam (Dioscorea batatas) is a perennial vine with fragrant, cinnamon scented flowers and tubers that over-winter to be harvested at any time. Yam Trellis Systems: Grow ’em high from Florida... 7 Survival Crops You Can Grow Without Irrigation. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. I am just confused and this is my 3rd trial. The tubers grow as long as three feet and may be left in the ground for several seasons without losing quality. I bought some “purple sweet potatoes” at the farmers market last weekend that I think might actually be ube. By Mangy White Bushman. Imp. First of all, Thank You for posting about one of the things you’re obviously so very passionate about! Colder than that, though, I would grow Dioscorea polystachya. The skin’s all wrong. Here in the U.S., Dioscorea bulbifera was included in a U.S. Department of Agriculture publication on alternative cash crops in 1993, taking into consideration the toxicity of the plant as well as its edibility. (That’s an old newspaper photo I own of St. Pete resident Helen Parkey back in the 70s. It actually tasted pretty good though. I have had the exact same problem with chayote – I’m not sure what is going on with them. Should I just plant them now? Most people confuse yams with sweet potatoes but they are not the same crop at all. Latin Name:Â Dioscorea spp. Chinese yam is found in many habitats including forests, ravines, mountain slopes, along rivers and in disturbed areas. Most wild strains will mess you up and there’s no safe way to figure out which, if any, you can eat. 1. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. They do well in the freezer. I would also hunt for them in oriental markets. Check out my video on propagating yams here: Yams need something to climb – they’re vigorous vines and will happily shoot to the top of a tree if given half a chance. If you watch the folks on YouTube or read articles by folks in the New Orleans area they make it look as simple as dropping them on the ground, walking away and then coming back in a few months to a monstrosity of a vine laden with chayotes. I am really looking forward to your insight on this one. Chinese Yam is a Vine. Soc. Maybe interview a chayote farmer. Central & S. China to Kuril Islands and Taiwan, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). So you are saying that the air potatoes , the little things that look like miniature irish potatoes are not edible ? Chinese Yam was introduced here as early as the 19th century for culinary and cultural uses and is now considered an invasive plant species in several states. Come on, folks! will be used when information applies to the entire genus. Link here: http://www.ebay.com/itm/252244647247. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540105.2019.1674786, https://www.etsy.com/listing/548940446/10-rarely-produced-seeds-mountain-yam?ref=yr_purchases, oh and I think they are lying about where they are shipping from and it’s coming from china….shame shame, adding to the above…oh and they have a listing on ebay saying they are selling purple yam seeds…the listing says this is what your plants will look like. I don’t have any trellis or fences for them to climb. It occasionally flowers in small axillary clusters. Either way, you’ll have something cool. ... Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) About Chinese Yam. Dioscorea batatas R. Decr. The Marvels of the Rainforest: Cecropia, Insects and... Q & A on Growing True Yams and Edible Air Potatoes | The Survival Gardener, How To Find Rare Edible Plants | The Survival Gardener, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540105.2019.1674786, A Look at the Fruit Trees I Planted Six Years Ago in Georgia. Colder than that, though, I would grow Dioscorea polystachya. But, I’d be willing to buy them from you and pay for postage and packing materials, as well!! I wish I could – I now live in Central America. upon a little searching that type puts out a cocktail of chemicals in the tubers…maybe if that’s what you want…they use it in china a lot..but they are telling people to just use it like a potato! I would like to plant them so the vines can grow up the chain link fencing around my chicken yard. I planted some last year and all of them died. Folks spend all their time trying to learn how to grow tomatoes; instead, they should give up and learn how to grow yams! It’s really inspiring to witness!! Yams keep pretty well on the counter. !, OH you have a beautiful wife also. It would almost seem to be a composite. I’m letting them sprout, I’m pretty sure I’ll be able to tell the difference once I see the leaves. I find that one way to preserve them is to peel and vacuum seal them. Some of them do but many do not. Unlike potatoes, you don’t have to worry about them greening up and poisoning you. sansibarensis Africa Collier and Miami-Dade counties, rare Yes Leaf margins 3-5 lobed, leaf apex caudate (extending in a slender tail-like appendage) Chinese yam Dioscorea polystachya India Alachua Co., rare Yes Leaf margins 3 lobed, apex acute Dioscorea polystachya aka Yam Berry aka Chinese Yam aka Mountain Potato . As the growing season progresses, they start making their bulbils (if they’re a yam that does that) which mature in the fall. (Though if you do buy one of my books, you’ll be my friend forever. (November), or should I just leave them In the house till spring. Dioscorea polystachya (cinnamon vine, Chinese yam): This white fleshed edible tuber of good flavor has a hardiness rating of Zones 5 to 10, and will remain alive in the ground overwinter, sending up handsome tall twining shoots in the spring.